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Apricot "Kichiginsky" was obtained by experienced domestic breeders of the South Ural Research Institute of Horticulture and Potato K. K. Mulloyanov and A. E. Pankratova as a result of sowing seed from Manchurian apricot through free pollination. It is included in the State Register for the Ural Region and belongs to the well-known varieties of medium maturity.
The variety description characterizes it as high-yielding, with high winter hardiness. Kichiginsky apricot is a good pollinator for many other varieties of apricot. Harvested crops can be used universally.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Apricot variety "Kichiginsky" forms medium-sized trees with a flat and very attractive crown with average denseness. Plants enter the fruiting stage in the fifth year. Shoots are characterized by average thickness, straight, dark red staining. Leaves are medium sized, rounded, dark green in color.
Rounded and attractive yellow apricots. The average mass of marketable fruit is 13.5-14.5 g. The flesh is yellow, very juicy, sour-sweet taste. According to the results of the tasting, ripe fruits received a score of 4.5 points.
For successful apricot cultivation, planting technology should be followed and the plant should be fully treated at all stages of the growing season.
Technology and landing pattern
The correct planting of the Kichiginsky apricot implies compliance with the technology tested by time and experience of gardeners:
- for landing, it is necessary to highlight a well-lit, flat or with a slight slope area;
- plots with a high occurrence of groundwater should not be selected for growing apricot plantings;
- it is advisable to set aside areas protected from gusty and cold wind by buildings;
- the soil should not only be fertile, but also have good air permeability;
- planting pits should be prepared in advance: in the spring planting - in the fall, and in the autumn - about two to three weeks before planting fruit seedlings.
Mandatory is the filling of high-quality drainage to the bottom of the landing pit. A layer of brick fight or large gravel will help protect the root system of fruit seedlings from decay due to the increased amount of moisture.
How to plant an apricot
Sandy and sandy soils should be improved with peat and organic with mineral fertilizers. In the presence of sod-podzolic soils, a deep digging is carried out with liming and the introduction of organic as well as mineral fertilizers. Clay soil should be cultivated with river sand and sawdust with the addition of manure, humus or compost with mineral fertilizers.
High-quality filling of the planting pit with fertile nutrient soil with the addition of basic fertilizers allows plants to provide optimal conditions for growth and development during the first couple of years. Proper conduct of care after planting is the key to obtaining high-quality and abundant annual fruiting of apricot.
When growing apricot "Kichiginsky" it is recommended to carry out the following measures for the care of fruit stands:
- In early spring, apricot trees are fed annually with high-quality organic fertilizers;
- apricots take out from the soil a much larger amount of potassium than nitrogen, which requires the mandatory use of nitrogen-containing fertilizers;
- proper nutrition of adult apricot trees is of particular importance: in early spring it is recommended to carry out liquid feeding from bird droppings with the addition of compost or peat at the rate of 0.3-0.5 kg per square meter of crown projection;
- top dressing should be combined with irrigation, which should be done on special furrows.
It is also necessary to carry out preventive spraying and high-quality preparation of fruit stands for the winter period.
Tips and reviews of gardeners
Reviews of gardeners in the Urals and other regions are mostly positive. The variety has excellent winter hardiness, and subject to agricultural technology, the yield can reach 14-15 kg. Harvested transportable.
The disadvantages include significant growth force and the presence of an elongated oval crown, which somewhat complicates measures for the care of fruit plantations and harvesting.