We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
The homeland of the melon is Asia, as it has the most favorable conditions for cultivation. However, today many gardeners from different countries are engaged in planting and growing this plant. Before starting planting, it is recommended that you familiarize yourself with the varieties of melons and their names. This will help you find out the characteristics of different types of plants and choose the most suitable variety for growing in the garden.
Early maturing varieties
It is no secret that melons come in different varieties that have characteristic differences. Among gardeners, mid-season melons are popular, which fully ripen within 60-70 days after planting in open ground. Their advantages include the fact that they grow well in humid and cold climates with little sunlight.
There are three early maturing types of melons, which are most often grown by gardeners.
This melon belongs to hybrid varieties, which were bred only for industrial planting. However, over time, caramel began to be planted by ordinary gardeners who grow vegetables and fruits. The popularity of this variety is due to the fact that its fruits ripen very quickly. After a week and a half, fully ripe melons appear, which can be picked and eaten. Also, the advantages of Caramel include its high level of productivity and resistance to sudden changes in weather conditions.
Caramel fruits are distinguished by a rounded, slightly elongated shape, reminiscent of an ellipse. Their surface is covered with a dense skin, painted in a bright yellow color. Under the peel of the fruit, there is a light pulp with a pleasant sweetish taste.
To increase the level of productivity, experienced gardeners are advised to grow Caramel only in seedlings.
Breeders have created this variety of melons specifically for growing in an unsuitable climate with constant temperature changes. Also, the Altai variety grows well in regions with high levels of air humidity.
The fruit is rounded and tapers slightly near the edges. Ripe melons weigh a lot - about 2-3 kg. Thanks to this, more than 20 kg of crop can be harvested from a square meter. The distinctive features of the Altai species include the taste of ripe fruits, which have aromatic and sweet pulp. They contain many vitamins and other useful components. Therefore, many advise to eat the Altai variety to strengthen the immune system and normalize the work of blood vessels and the heart.
Among the early and sweet varieties, Cinderella, which is often grown by gardeners, should be distinguished. It is recommended to plant this species in open ground, as it tolerates sudden temperature changes and is resistant to common insects and diseases.
Cinderella's fruits are spherical. Their flesh is covered with a yellowish skin, which protects the melon from the external environment. The weight of the fruit, like that of the Altai variety, reaches three kilograms. The disadvantages of Cinderella include a not very sweet taste, with a slight sourness. Also, the disadvantage is that the harvested crop is poorly stored and quickly deteriorates.
Planting Cinderella is best done in the second half of spring, when the earth warms up to 15 degrees. At low temperatures, seeds will germinate worse.
Some people decide not to plant early-ripening varieties of melons and prefer mid-season varieties that fully ripen within 80-90 days. In warm and sunny weather, the harvest will ripen 1-2 weeks earlier. The most common mid-season melons include five varieties.
The variety belongs to the group of mid-season melons, the ripening of which lasts about 90-100 days when grown in a vegetable garden. If you plant a plant in a greenhouse and create optimal growing conditions, the fruits will ripen within two and a half months. Ripe fruits are round and slightly elongated. They are covered with an orange peel, on the surface of which you can see a grid pattern. The weight of each fruit is not very large and is only one and a half kilograms. The collective farmer has a juicy white pulp with a rich and sweet taste.
The disadvantages of the variety include the fact that ripe melons cannot be stored, as they quickly begin to rot.
Among the advantages are:
- resistance to low temperatures;
- high level of insect protection.
This allows you to get a high-quality harvest not only in greenhouse conditions, but also outdoors.
Among all mid-season melon species, Amal is distinguished, since it tolerates common diseases such as powdery mildew, dry rot and fusarium without any problems. However, the advantages of the variety include not only its protective functions, but also the size of the fruits. Ripe specimens reach four kilograms, which allows harvesting more than 20-25 kg of the crop. Amala fruits are flat in shape, their dense skin is yellow with a creamy tint. Under the peel there is a pulp with a delicate aromatic scent.
For cultivation in the open field, breeders have bred the Lada variety, which bears fruit well in almost any climatic conditions. Also, such melons are resistant to aphids, powdery mildew and other common diseases.
Lada will fully sing for a hundred days. The fruits are covered with a smooth yellow skin and have a flat-round shape. When grown under optimal conditions, they grow up to two kilograms. Taste qualities of Lada are distinguished by their juiciness and pleasant aroma.
The main distinguishing feature of Galileo is considered its resistance to low temperatures, which makes it possible to cultivate the variety even in the northern regions of the country.
Also, a positive quality of a melon is its immunity to peronosporosis.
Galileo is covered with a dense greenish peel, which reliably protects the fruit from mechanical damage. Ripe specimens keep well after harvest, making them great for long-term storage and further sale.
Ethiopka is popular among gardeners in many countries, since this variety is distinguished by its transportability, excellent taste and rich aroma. Ripe fruits grow up to five kilograms and are oval in shape. The pulp is protected by a dense orange peel, which is 5-7 mm thick.
Experienced gardeners advise to grow Ethiopka only by the seedling method. This will help to increase yields in the future and get more tasty and juicy fruits.
People who are not limited in time are engaged in the cultivation of varieties with a late maturity. Such fruits are characterized by a long storage time of the crop and a ripening duration of more than three months.
This Uzbek variety belongs to the late-ripening varieties of melons, which ripen for about 100-110 days. When grown in hot and dry climates, the Torpedo will sing two weeks earlier. The main features of the variety include the weight of ripe fruits, which grow to 15-17 kg. However, such results can only be achieved when grown in greenhouses. On the street, the mass of fruits reaches only 5-6 kg.
The surface of the melons is covered with a yellow rind, on which a net pattern of light veins can be seen. The skin is very dense and thus reliably protects the fruit.
Breeders bred this variety specifically for planting in warm climates. Pineapple does not differ in frost resistance, and therefore gardeners grow it in greenhouses or greenhouses.
Like most other melons, Pineapple has oval and elongated fruits, weighing 2-3 kg.
The distinctive features of Pineapple include its pink interior with a pleasant sweet taste and aromatic smell.
This hybrid melon variety works well against common disease pathogens. Thanks to this, the plant rarely suffers from gray rot and late blight.
From the name of the variety, it is clear that the plant is resistant to low temperatures and therefore it can be planted in the garden. Wintering refers to the popular late-ripening melons that ripen for 90-95 days. Melon bushes are quite tall and powerful.
Flat-round fruits are green with a yellowish tinge. They are covered with a thick skin, under which is a sweet and juicy green flesh. Under optimal conditions, the weight of the fruit is about 2-3 kg.
Golden melons were bred in the Krasnodar Territory quite recently. Harvesting of this variety is done no earlier than 100 days after the first shoots appear. These melons are considered versatile as they are suitable for outdoor and greenhouse cultivation.
The positive aspects of the Golden variety include:
- insect immunity;
- resistance to temperature changes.
Melon varieties for central Russia
Melon varieties are classified not only by the timing of the ripening of the crop, but also by the regions in which they can be grown. There are six varieties that are recommended to be planted in the middle zone of the country.
Mohawk is one of the most productive varieties grown in this region. Gardeners collect at least 10 kg of ripe fruits from a square meter.
Also, the advantages of the Iroquois include its immunity to pathogens such as fusarium and powdery mildew.
Ripe pumpkins should be harvested 2-3 months after planting the seed.
Princess Svetlana F1
This is an early ripening hybrid variety that tolerates temperature extremes and is resistant to dangerous pests. If Princess Svetlana is grown in favorable conditions, the harvest will ripen within 60-65 days. Ripe melons are covered with a creamy skin with a yellowish tinge. Their average weight is 2-3 kg.
This melon with an early ripening period will fully ripen in a month and a half after planting in the soil. The characteristic features of the Passport include its large fruits, which weigh more than 3 kg. Melons have a sweet taste and aromatic odor, which makes them suitable for fresh consumption and preservation.
The variety is distinguished by its thermophilicity, due to which the ovary on the bushes is formed only at temperatures above 20 degrees. In this case, the crop will begin to sing if the air temperature is not less than 30 degrees. Rainbow melon is considered healthy because it contains carotene, vitamins and acids. Therefore, it is often used to normalize the functioning of the nervous system.
Breeders of the Altai Territory relatively recently bred this variety specifically for growing in the middle lane. Melon Serezhkin love is attributed to early ripening plants, the harvest of which will ripen 35-45 days. The advantage of the variety is its unpretentiousness, which allows Serezhkin's love to grow even in infertile soils.
This melon has an average ripening period of 70-80 days. Experienced vegetable growers do not advise growing Kazachka on the street, since the plant does not cope well with sudden changes in weather conditions. To get a high-quality harvest, you will have to plant and grow bushes indoors.
The above varieties of melons are far from all varieties that can be grown on their plots. There are other types of melons that are popular with gardeners.
European varieties of melons
There are three main varieties that grow better than others on the territory of European countries.
This melon variety is bred by Israeli breeders from other similar varieties. Ogen is considered a mid-season plant, the fruits of which ripen two months after planting the planting material. A distinctive feature of this species is considered its high yield. It is possible to collect about 3-4 kg of ripe fruits from one bush.
The ojena fruits are covered with green skin 3-4 mm thick. A light striped white mesh is visible on the surface. The harvested crop is consumed fresh or preserved in the form of compote or jam.
Banana melons are considered the most exotic variety that is grown in our country. Outwardly, the fruits of the Banana variety resemble large cucumbers. They are also colored green and have an oblong shape. The length of each ripe melon reaches 50-100 cm. Experienced gardeners advise growing them only in greenhouses, since the yield on the street is quite low.
A characteristic feature of Cantaloupe is its huge bushes, which are densely spread over the surface of the soil. Fruits vary in shape, but flattened ribbed melon more than 20 cm long is often found. The weight of each melon depends on the conditions in which it is grown. At a temperature of about 30 degrees, the weight of the fetus increases to 3-4 kg. In unfavorable conditions, the weight of the melons is only 1-2 kg.
Many people advise to eat Cantaloupe on a regular basis, as it contains many nutrients. Substances from the composition of the plant have a beneficial effect on the functioning of the digestive system and improve the protective properties of the body.
The sweetest melon varieties
People who appreciate the taste of the plants they grow should pay attention to the sweetest varieties of melons. Melons with medium and late ripening of the harvest have excellent taste.
However, thanks to the active development of breeding, early sweet melons can also be found today.
This plant has unusual fruits that resemble kiwi in shape. Their surface is greenish and covered with small dark stripes. Most often, Sibarita is grown in the southern regions of the country, since there are the most favorable conditions for obtaining a tasty and sweet harvest. It is not worth planting this variety in the northern regions, since it will not take root due to low temperatures.
Under the most suitable conditions, 2-3 dozen small melons weighing 500-600 grams can be collected from a square meter.
Turkmen melons are especially sweet, among which Akmaral is distinguished. The harvest of the variety has a soft and juicy pulp with a slight pineapple flavor. The surface of the fruit is covered with a strong skin that protects the pulp from rotting. The weight of each ripe melon reaches 1-2 kg. The peculiarities of Akmaral include its high yield, which allows harvesting at least 8-9 kg of yield from each bush. Harvesting of fruits is done 1-2 months after the emergence of shoots.
The earliest and sweetest varieties of melons include the Turkish variety Radmila. Gardeners who grow this plant on their plots are engaged in harvesting a month after planting.
The advantages of Radmila include good yield. At least six large fruits weighing 2-3 kg are formed on each bush. They are colored bright yellow and covered with a faintly visible mesh. Radmila's flesh is dense, sweet and aromatic. The harvested crop is stored for a long time and therefore it can be transported over long distances without loss of taste and useful properties.
Most gardeners grow not only vegetables on their plots, but also sweet melons. Before you start planting such a plant, it is recommended that you familiarize yourself with the most famous varieties that are popular among gardeners.