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Description of the Czech breed of goats and the rules of keeping, how much the animals cost

Description of the Czech breed of goats and the rules of keeping, how much the animals cost


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Breeders speak of Czech goats as a meat and dairy breed with a calm, balanced character. The Czech breed is distinguished by its brown coat color, high quality meat and wool. Females of the Czech breed give a lot of milk. Milk yield remains voluminous throughout the goat's life. Caring for goats does not require any special skills from breeders. Correct and thoughtful content ensures high results.

History of the breed

The breed appeared in the second half of the 20th century. It was the result of a cross between black and brown Czech Garza goats and brown Alpine goats. The work on getting the species has been going on for several years. The Czech brown goat breed was included in the official lists in the second half of 1974.

Throughout the 90s, the breed went through hard times. The prerequisites for the species to be recognized as endangered were associated with the hollowness of the individuals. Later, when the standards changed, and the lack of hair did not become an obstacle for breeding, experts made several attempts to improve the species. By 2000, Czech goats had become popular again.

Description and characteristics of Czech goats

The standard indicators for females and males differ from each other.

IndicatorFemalesMales
The weight55 kilograms75-80 kilograms
Height at the withers85 centimeters75 centimeters

Goats have black beards and massive horns. Goats are slender, graceful. The peculiarity of Czech breed females is that they give a lot of milk. The owners note that the goats know their nicknames, respond well to them, behave calmly with their relatives, and show patience in different situations.

Information! The shade of the coat can be different. It ranges from reddish brown to grayish brown.

Advantages and disadvantages

The Czech breed is widespread throughout the world. Individuals are valued for tasty milk, the ability to produce high quality wool, as well as unpretentious care.

Benefits:

  1. Females provide good milk yield. The duration of the period when the female gives milk lasts 10.5 months out of the whole year.
  2. Milk from Czech specimens is in great demand. Milk does not smell, it is stored for a long time.
  3. Animals are unpretentious in food, they are able to endure low air temperatures without losses.
  4. Fecundity of females is stable and of high quality: they give birth to 2-3 kids.
  5. Healthy animals that eat well, receive the necessary vitamins and are vaccinated on time are almost not susceptible to infection.
  6. Females have a high level of intelligence: they respond to the nickname, are calm and balanced.
  7. Most individuals do not have horns, which makes it much easier to care for them.

Minuses are called the susceptibility of Czech animals to heat. At elevated air temperatures, the productivity of females decreases markedly. They become lethargic and inactive. Short-haired Czech goats are susceptible to insect attacks. If it's hot outside, gadflies and mosquitoes attack goats on pastures, preventing them from eating and resting properly.

Subtleties of maintenance and care

Czech goats are kept in goat houses equipped in accordance with quality standards:

  1. When choosing a location, the slope must be taken into account. It is necessary so that urine flows down special trenches and does not stagnate indoors.
  2. The walls are specially strengthened so that in winter the air inside the goat's rue does not drop below +18 degrees.
  3. Animals need 8-hour daylight hours, so in winter they provide for the possibility of artificial supplementary lighting.
  4. Czech goats are clean animals. They don't like litter covered with litter, so they need to be cleaned daily.

Special mention should be made of animal hair care. Pets are washed with horse shampoos. After washing, the coat becomes shiny and brighter. In addition to washing, it is customary to comb out the wool with special silicone gloves. This is a device that is put on the hand, then it is carried along the croup of the animal from the center to the sides.

Expert opinion

Zarechny Maxim Valerievich

Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.

Information! When breeding males and females in different stalls, care should be taken to ensure that goats and goats of the same related line do not intersect in one place in order to prevent accidental mixing.

Animal feeding

The diet should contain the following types of feed:

  1. Rough. These are hay, tree branches, dry leaves, soft coniferous needles. The daily weight of roughage is 3 kilograms.
  2. Concentrated. These are types of cereals and cake. The indicator of this category of feed in the daily menu is 0.8-1 kilograms.
  3. Juicy. Feed that adults need. This includes: potatoes, carrots, beets.
  4. Mineral. Complexes, supplemented with vitamins and minerals, which are given to pets according to the established schedule.

In summer, Czech goats are recommended to regularly graze on green grass, from which they receive the necessary elements, increase their own defenses, and strengthen their immunity.

Information! When feeding, it is forbidden to sprinkle grain or other feed on the floor of the goat house. To do this, you should equip special feeders that will protect food from germs.

Breeding features

Goats become sexually mature at 4-6 months. Breeders with experience recommend that goats happen in the second year of life, then the offspring turns out to be strong and hardy. The mating is carried out from August to December. It is recommended to bring animals together once a year. Females carry offspring from 21 to 23 weeks. Usually the offspring is 2-3 kids.

Breeders do not recommend crossing Czech males with outbred females. In the second or third generation, after these coverings, a decrease in milk yield in females is inevitable. The best option is to cross the Czechs with other breeds. The offspring of thoroughbred animals are characterized by high quality milk, meat, wool.

Diseases and their prevention

Czechs rarely get sick, but when symptoms of common diseases are detected, owners should know what to do:

  1. Acute tympania. This is a condition characterized by a lack of appetite, bloating, and lethargy. Tympania is possible when the goat's diet is rich in fermenting foods. Help is provided by a veterinarian. In addition to drug treatment, a change in diet is necessary.
  2. Gastroenteritis. A dangerous disease that occurs in young animals. It is characterized by complex constipation, pain. The reason is a change in diet.
  3. Pneumonia. The reasons are: hypothermia, stress, a change in diet. Pneumonia involves a change in body temperature, the appearance of wheezing. Therapy includes a course of antibiotics.
  4. Mastitis. The disease is typical for females. The udder becomes inflamed, flakes appear in the milk, and pus is released. Without a course of antibiotics, further milking of the goat is impossible.

To avoid diseases, it is necessary to give preventive vaccinations on time. Goats are vaccinated according to a special schedule established by a veterinarian.

How much is

Czech goats are recommended to be purchased from breeders of the breed. The cost of an adult animal starts at 10,000 rubles. A goat can be brought from the Czech Republic, but at the same time, you should take into account the need to keep it in quarantine after bringing it in and check the vaccination card.


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